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Law Revisions for 2018

The 2016/17 revision of the Laws of the Game was the biggest one in The IFAB’s history.
This year there is a ‘follow up’ and many of the changes for 2017/18 are clarifications

Main Changes

  1. Sending-off (RC) for DOGSO -   REDUCED TO -    Caution (YC) for (DOGSO), if attempt to play the ball in PA
  2. Caution (YC) for Stop a Promising Attack - REDUCED TO - No caution (YC) for (SPA), if attempt to play the ball in PA
  3. Penalising with a direct free kick a player who enters the field of play without the required referee’s permission and interferes with play, as is the case for a substitute/team official.

All Laws:

“Infringement / infringe” has been all replaced by “offence / offend”

Law 1 - Field of Play

Artificial playing surface material may be used for the field markings on natural fields if it is not dangerous.

 
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Law 3 - The Players

Player outside the field of play

If a player re-enters without the referee’s permission, the referee must:

  • stop play (not immediately if)
  • •caution the player for entering the field of play without permission
 

If the referee stops play, it must be restarted:

  • with a direct free kick from the position of the interference
  • with an indirect free kick from the position of the ball when play was stopped
 

Procedure

If a substitution is made during the half-time interval or before extra time, the procedure must be completed before the match restarts.

 

Goalkeeper and player

If a player changes places with the goalkeeper, without the referee’s permission, the referee :

Offences and sanctions

If the referee is not informed,

  • the named substitute may continue to play,
  • no disciplinary action is taken and
  • the matter is reported to the appropriate authority.

Offences and sanctions

  • allows play to continue
  • cautions both players when the ball is next out of play
  • but not if the change occurred during half-time

Law 4 - Player's Equipment

Electronic communication

  • Not permitted except where EPTS is allowed
  • Electronic communication by team officials only for welfare or safety.
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If electronic performance and tracking systems (EPTS) is used, it must bear the following mark:

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Other Equipment

Non-dangerous protective equipment, for example … is permitted as are goalkeepers’ caps and sports spectacles.


Law 5 - The Referee

The decisions of the referee, and all other match officials, must always be respected

A medical team official who commits a dismissible offence may remain if the team has no other medical person available


Law 7 - The Duration of the match

A short drinks break is permitted at the interval of half-time in extra time.   (for fluids not coaching)


Law 8 - The Start and Restart of Play

For every kick-off all players, except the player taking the kick-off, must be in their own half of the field of play

 
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Law 10 - Kicks from the penalty mark (clarification)

  • The kicker may not play the ball a second time
  • If the goalkeeper commits an offence and, as a result, the kick is retaken, the goalkeeper must be cautioned.
  • If the kicker is penalised for an offence committed after the referee has signalled for the kick to be taken, that kick is recorded as missed and the kicker is cautioned.

If both the goalkeeper and kicker commit an offence at the same time:

  • if the kick is missed or saved, the kick is retaken and both players cautioned
  • if the kick is scored, the goal is disallowed, the kick is recorded as missed and the kicker cautioned

Law 11 - Clarifications -

Definition of a Save

 

In situations where a player moving from, or standing in, an offside position is in the way of an opponent and interferes with the movement of the opponent towards the ball this is an offside offence if it impacts on the ability of the opponent to play or challenge for the ball;

 

If the player moves into the way of an opponent and impedes the opponent’s progress (e.g. blocks the opponent) the offence should be penalised under Law 12.

 

In situations where a player in an offside position is moving towards the ball with the intention of playing the ball and is fouled before playing or attempting to play the ball, or challenging an opponent for the ball, the foul is penalised as it has occurred before the offside offence

 

In situations where an offence is committed against a player in an offside position who is already playing or attempting to play the ball, or challenging an opponent for the ball, the offside offence is penalised as it has occurred before the foul challenge

 

Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct -

Stopping a Promissing Attack - Clarification
There are different circumstances when a player must be cautioned for unsporting behaviour, including if a player:

  • commits a foul or handles the ball to interfere with or stop a promising attack except where the referee awards a penalty kick for an offence which was an attempt to play the ball
 

DOGSO - Clarification
Where a player commits an offence against an opponent within their own penalty area which denies an opponent an obvious goal-scoring opportunity and the referee awards a penalty kick, the offender is cautioned if the offence was an attempt to play the ball; in all other circumstances (e.g. holding, pulling, pushing, no possibility to play the ball etc.) the offending player must be sent off.

DOGSO  - A player, sent off player, substitute or substituted player who enters the field of play without the required referee’s permission and interferes with play or an opponent and denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity is guilty of a sending-off offence.

DOGSO wording changes

  • handles the ball to interfere with or stop a promising attack
  • commits a foul which interferes with or stops a promising attack except where the referee awards a penalty kick for an offence which was an attempt to play the ball
  • denies an opponent an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by an offence which was an attempt to play the ball and the referee awards a penalty kick
 
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Clarification -
An indirect free kick is awarded if a player is guilty of dissent, using offensive, insulting or abusive language and/or gestures or other verbal offences

Second YC Clarification -
(Where the referee has applied advantage clause on second YC) 
The referee must send off the player when the ball is next out of play but if the player plays the ball or challenges/interferes with an opponent, the referee will stop play, send off the player and restart with an indirect free kick, unless the player committed a more serious offence.

A player must be cautioned for climbing onto a perimeter fence and/or approaching the spectators in a manner which causes safety and/or security issues

 

Sending-off offences

  • A player, substitute or substituted player who commits any of the following offences is sent off:
    • denying a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity to an opponent whose overall movement is towards the offender’s goal by an offence punishable by a free kick.

Law 13 - Free Kicks

  • If, when a free kick is taken by the defending team from inside its penalty area, any opponents are inside the penalty area because they did not have time to leave, the referee allows play to continue.
  • If an opponent who is in the penalty area when the free kick is taken, or enters the penalty area before the ball is in play, touches or challenges for the ball before it has touched another player, the free kick is retaken.

Law 14 - The Penalty Kick - Clarification

Procedure

  • Additional time is allowed for a penalty kick to be taken and completed at the end of each half of the match or extra time.
  • When additional time is allowed, the penalty kick is completed when, after the kick has been taken, the ball stops moving, goes out of play, is played by any player (including the kicker) other than the defending goalkeeper, or the referee stops play for an offence by the kicker or the kicker’s team.
  • If a defending team player (including the goalkeeper) commits an offence and the penalty is missed/saved, the penalty is retaken
  • a player of both teams offends the Laws of the Game, the kick is retaken unless a player commits a more serious offence (e.g. illegal feinting); if both the goalkeeper and kicker commit an offence at the same time:
    • if the kick is missed or saved, the kick is retaken and both players cautioned
    • if the kick is scored, the goal is disallowed, the kicker is cautioned and play restarts with an indirect free kick to the defending team

Law 16 Goal Kick

If an opponent who is in the penalty area when the free kick is taken, or enters the penalty area before the ball is in play, touches or challenges for the ball before it has touched another player, the free kick is retaken.


Modifications to the Laws of the Game

  • For youth, veterans, disability and grassroots football:
    • size of the field of play
    • size, weight and material of the ball
    • width between the goalposts and height of the crossbar from the ground
    • duration of the two (equal) halves of the game (and two equal halves of extra time)
    • the use of return substitutes
    • the use of temporary dismissals (sin bins) for some/all cautions (YCs)